1. Writing has nothing to do with meaning. It has to do with landsurveying and cartography, including the mapping of countries yet to come.



  4. 1660 Latin translation of Judah haLevi’s _Kuzari_. If you know of any older images of manuscripts, Arabic or otherwise, please let me know!


  5. I know I’m a bit late to this, but RIP Seamus Heaney. Before I came to know and love his poems, I knew him as the awe-inspiring narrator of Beowulf.


  6. medievalkarl:

    Stamping out the savage unicorn, wherever it may rest its head.

    English Bestiary, c. 1400, “The Bestiary of Anne Walshe”, Copenhagen KB GkS 1633 4°, discussed here, rather archly. Online catalog link.

    Also worth checking out: its hyena (eating a corpse in a tomb, as is its habit, identified as such at top of next page); the bonnacon, with its horrifying feces; and the terrifying, face-eating leucrota.


  7. The obvious answer is that King Richard should be buried at York!


  8. Unknown
    Islamic, probably Tunisia, 800 - 900 
    Pen and ink, gold paint, and tempera colors on parchment

    MS. LUDWIG X 1     



  9. Unknown
    Anglo-Saxon, possibly Canterbury, about 1000 
    Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment

    MS. 9                               



  10. One of my favorites:

    Hugo of Fouilloy, author; Unknown illuminator
    Franco-Flemish, Thérouanne?, about 1270 
    Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with brown morocco
    Leaf: 7 1/2 x 5 5/8 in.
    MS. LUDWIG XV 3